Tuesday, May 5, 2009

Why India's Teachers Do Not Spare the Rod

By Nilanjana Bhowmick / New Delhi
Father Khayum Khan, center, and relatives of 11 year old girl Shanno, wait for her body outside a city hospital mortuary in New Delhi, India, Friday, April 17, 2009. An 11 year old school girl died in a hospital in the Indian capital on Friday, a day after she was punished by her teacher, police and news reports said
My three-year-old son came home from a private preschool recently and told me that his teacher had hit him for not being able to color properly. I was shocked and angry. The next morning, however, I discovered that my anger could be funneled into a wider controversy. I read in the local newspapers about Shanno Khan, 11, a Delhi schoolgirl had allegedly been punished at school but did not survive. Shanno's sisters, who attend the same government school, say that her teacher forced her to stand in the scorching sun for two hours until she fainted. She reportedly slipped into a coma and died in the hospital.

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The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), which governs a large part of the area around India's capital, and a pro bono lawyer for Shanno's family are investigating the case. The teacher has denied doing anything wrong, saying that she did not punish her and that Shanno was epileptic, a claim her father denies. So far no action has been taken against the teacher. But her death has renewed calls to stop corporal punishment in schools; the issue is explosive because in India physical abuse in schools is widespread. According to a 2007 joint study by UNICEF, Save the Children and the Indian government, 65% of school-going children have faced corporal punishment. Ayub Khan, Shanno's father, a waiter without a regular job, says in an interview with TIME that he is determined "to get justice for his daughter." (See pictures of India's tempestuous Nehru dynasty.)

Khan gets emotional as he describes Shanno's last hours. "She kept on asking for water but the teacher ignored her," Ayub describes what he says as his daughter's suffering. Her two sisters, Saima and Sehnaz, say that Shanno pleaded with the teacher that she would learn her alphabet properly after lunch, but was ignored. (The parents of several other children at the same school say their children describe the incident in similar terms.) Shanno's sisters Saima and Sehnaz then ran to get their mother. "We thought our sister was dead," Saima said. When their mother arrived, she found Shanno lying on the ground, Khan says, and by the time Shanno was taken home she had slipped into a coma. He breaks down while relating Shanno's last words to her mother: "I never want to go to school again." Shanno died the next day, on April 17.

Deep Mathur, a spokesman for the MCD, says the agency has interviewed everyone who was present in school that day, including the students. During the inquiry, the principal and the other teachers backed the accused teacher's claim that she did not force Shanno to stand in the sun. If the MCD finds that the teacher was at fault, the case will be handed over to the police. India's National Commission for Protection of Child Rights will make its own recommendations regarding action in this case in the next few days.

Teachers say they resort to physical punishment because of the inherent problems of India's public education system, specifically, the immense challenge of maintaining control of huge classes of unruly children. "Most children in my school are criminal-minded," says Dr. S.C. Sharma, the principal of a government school in South Delhi. "We have caught them stealing fans from classrooms and even the iron grills from the windows. How do you discipline such kids?" In Sharma's school the teacher-student ratio is 1:63, compared with a recommended ratio of 1:35. (Read "How India's Young and Restless Are Changing Its Politics.")

Shanno's death, furthermore, highlights the gap between legislation and implementation in India's efforts to protect children. India's Right to Education bill, which guarantees universal education and bans corporal punishment from schools, has been waiting to become a full-fledged law for more than a decade. The Supreme Court ordered a ban on corporal punishment in 2000. But enforcement is weak and it has been implemented in only 17 of 28 states. According to the 2007 report, Delhi was one of four states in India where corporal punishment is most common.

More than anything, Shanno's death is a wake-up call to parents to speak up for their own children. Many are afraid to. Indu Bhandari, mother of a five-year-old, says her son often complains about being hit on the head with a pencil by his teacher. "If I complain, she might ill-treat my son more," Bhandari says. At my son's school, I raised the matter for discussion in the parents' forum. We decided to watch how all the children in his school are treated much more closely. For now, that's all we can do.

Why Americans Are Adopting Fewer Kids from China

Becky Freer says adopting a 10-month-old girl from China was the best thing she ever did. So when Freer, a 44-year-old resident of Austin, Texas, recently decided to further expand her family by adopting a sister for her now 3½-year-old daughter, she thought China was the obvious choice. But as a single woman, Freer is no longer eligible. "Three years ago I was an acceptable parent, and now I'm not," she says. "It seems kind of unfair."

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While her daughter will have a new sister — Freer has since been approved to adopt a child from Ethiopia — Freer is one of a growing number of prospective parents who are unable to adopt from China under new laws Beijing put in place in May 2007. The stricter guidelines, intended to limit the overwhelming number of applicants to China's well-regarded adoption program, have been effective — adoptions of Chinese children by U.S. citizens have dropped 50%, according to the U.S. State Department. The new regulations require, among other things, that adoptive parents be married, under 50, not classified as clinically obese, not have taken antidepressant medications in the past two years, not have facial deformities and meet certain educational and economic requirements. In 2005, U.S. citizens adopted 7,906 children through the state-run China Center for Adoption Affairs (CCAA). In 2008, that number fell to 3,909 kids. (See pictures of American children up for adoption.)

But the new laws are only part of the reason that fewer Chinese children are being adopted by families in the U.S. While the Chinese government does not release domestic adoption figures, U.S.-based adoption agencies say more Chinese children are being adopted in China. "You have this cultural shift along with the economic shift, where more and more people cannot only afford to adopt a child, but culturally it's more accepted," says Cory Barron, foundation director at Children's Hope International. Historically, adoption was neither socially acceptable nor a viable economic option for many families in China. But orphanages were getting crowded, prompting the government to open up to international adoptions in 1992. Josh Zhong, founder and director of Chinese Children Adoption International in Colorado, remembers what it was like in China just 10 years ago. "You would see hundreds of thousands of children," he says. "Orphanages begging you to come in, saying, 'Please help us. These children need to go home.' " A slow shift in gender perception may also be playing a role. While girls still make up 95% of children at orphanages, Zhong says that, too, has shifted. "People's attitude toward having girls is changing dramatically," Zhong says. "I have friends [in China] who have girls, and they are just so excited."

With fewer children being put up for adoption and foreign demand remaining strong, China can afford to be more selective. "I think they are saying, You know what? We have fewer children now and so we are looking for better parents," Zhong says. His organization has experienced a drop from 1,152 China adoptions in 2005 to 422 in 2008. And while Beijing's new standards may sound harsh to Americans with their hearts set on a baby, they have little influence in the matter. "These are China's children, and they can set the requirement to what they deem is best," says Barron.

International adoptions in the U.S. gained popularity in the 1990s as families reached out to poorer corners of the world to adopt a child in need. Adoptions increased not only in countries like China, which has always had a trustworthy system, but also in countries that didn't have a good system of checks and balances. By 2006, the U.S. began implementing some provisions from the 1994 Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption, a treaty intended to crack down on the abduction, exploitation, sale and trafficking of children. The U.S. went on to fully adopt the regulations in April 2008, and has since stopped processing adoptions from Vietnam, Guatemala, Liberia and Kyrgyzstan until those countries meet the convention's standards. At the same time, China tightened its own laws, resulting in a worldwide drop in international adoption from a peak of 22,884 adoptions in 2004 to 17,438 last year.

Adopting a child from the CCAA has never been a simple task. After submitting a long list of required documents, including home studies completed by social workers and federal background checks, applicants' paperwork is approved by the CCAA and the wait begins. Fees and expenses can amount to upwards of $20,000 before families are cleared to take home their new child. And the wait can be long. Today, China has a backlog of approved applicants from around the world and is just now placing children into the homes of families who were approved for adoption in March 2006.

For some families, that's too long, and so they look to China's "waiting child" list of children with special needs, ranging from cleft lips or deafness to more severe physical and mental disabilities. Prospective parents can read about a child's disability in a national database and decide if it is something they can take on. "Kids who would probably never be adopted in China and maybe wouldn't have been adopted in the U.S. are now getting homes," Barron says. Lee Ann Laune, 37, a director of special-education programs in Missouri, says she probably looked at more than 100 children over the course of 2½ years before finding her daughter Hope. "When we first got into this, there was a six-to-nine-month wait," she says. As time passed, Laune and her husband Paul would look at the "waiting child" list to see if they came across a child who was meant for them. In April, the Launes were approved to adopt Hope, a 4½-year-old deaf girl from Hunan province. "When we looked into her eyes, it was an automatic for us. It was 'We can handle this,' " she says. "It's unbelievable to know we are going to be that saving grace for her."

The Myth Of Might

While China may become the largest economy on the planet in the next few generations, it will also suffer from some catastrophic demographic problems. To control population growth over the last four decades, most couples are restricted to only one child. This has been widely enforced, to the point where the average number of children per couple has been 1.7.. But many of those couples aborted a child if it is a female, because much more importance is attached to having a male heir. Thus there are 30 million more males than females, and the number is growing. These surplus males are coming of age, and the competition for wives is causing problems. Women are taking advantage of their scarcity, but men are also going to neighboring countries to buy, or even kidnap, young women to be wives. This is causing ill will with neighbors.
The biggest problem, though, is the growing shortage of workers. As the population ages, all those one child families means there will be more elderly than the economy can effectively support. Currently there are 13 working age Chinese for every retiree. In 40 years, there will only be two for each retiree. At that point, retirees will comprise 30 percent of the population (versus 12 percent now.) Traditionally, children cared for their parents in multi-generation households. That model is dying out, and China is faced with huge pension cost increases at the same time they expect their economy to be the mightiest on the planet. But at that point, the largest single government expense will be the care of the elderly, and this will impose crushing taxes on those of working age. Many working age Chinese are worried about this, for there is no easy solution in sight.

The government is giving the navy's submarine force (ten nuclear boats, and 60 diesel-electric) more publicity, and more money. The Chinese see submarines as a potential equalizer in any future naval war with the United States. Currently, most Chinese subs are of poor quality. But several new designs are entering production. These are not as good as Western boats, but appear good enough to pose a real threat.

Russia may no longer be a communist police state, but it retains its paranoia about the United States, and thus feels united with China. Russian media is currently pushing the accusation that the U.S. base in Kyrgyzstan (for logistical support of operations in Afghanistan) is also an electronic listening post concentrating on Russia and China. There's no evidence of this, but the accusation is widely believed in Russia and China. The two nations also continue to unite in opposing international moves against Iranian and North Korean nuclear weapons programs, or to punish particularly nasty tyrants (as in Sudan and Zimbabwe). Sort of another Axis Of Evil, but in reality the ancient tactic of weakening your enemy by causing trouble for them whenever possible.

Despite the danger from cell phone use (and uncontrolled spread of information), the government is not interfering with the expansion of cell phone service into rural areas. Over half the population lives in more than five million rural villages. This is where the poorest people live, and those that are angriest at the corruption of local officials. But over $10 billion is being spent by cell phone companies to get service to every corner of the rural villages. Part of the demand is from those corrupt officials and police in rural areas, who feel safer with cell phones (the better to call for help if a mob of angry locals comes after them.)

China has suffered five straight months in export declines. All this has put over 25 million Chinese out of work. But because exports are only a small component of the economy, there will be over 5 percent GDP growth this year. This is continuation of a nearly decade of declines in the annual rate of GDP growth. Most of that growth now comes from internal consumer decline. The creation of a Chinese middle class has become the cornerstone of Chinese economic growth. The Chinese "upper class" (defined as a family making more than $36,000 a year) has grown to two million households. These families are on a buying binge, and the less affluent (anyone making more than $10,000 a year is doing well) are doing even more buying because of sheer numbers (over 100 million "middle class" families). All this, even with a high savings rate. Exports are not only being hit by recession caused decreases in demand, but more product quality scandals as well. The latest one has to do with drywall board from China. No one is sure how it happened, but large quantities of drywall exported to the United States has the tendency to release corrosive (to metal, and to human health as well) sulfur fumes. Thousands of American homes and commercial structures were built with the "sulfur board" before the problem was realized. The lawsuits are piling up, and Chinese product quality has taken another hit.

In Taiwan, several dozen retired generals and colonels are being investigated for corruption. The charges involve senior officers taking bribes to approve promotions, and civilian suppliers bribing generals and procurement officials to obtain military contracts.

April 16, 2009: Chinese military officials announced that they were open to talks with their Taiwanese counterparts. This would be as part of an effort to ease tensions between the two nations (or, according to China, between them and a renegade province protect by the imperialist United States).

The Newest Thing in Old Solar Technology Nets Ten Times As Much Energy Per Gram of Silicon

The next frontier in traditional solar panels is concentrators - devices, usually lenses, that concentrate solar power onto the most expensive part of a solar panel - the silicon. Skyline Solar's "solar trough" design concentrates sunlight without using expensive lenses or complicated robotic armatures for tracking the sun as it crosses the sky.

The entire system is built from commodity parts in an effort to make it cheap and scalable – the ultimate goal being 'grid parity,' or a system that is competitive with fossil fuels as a means of generating electricity. That's why the Department of Energy gave Skyline a $3 million grant as part of its Solar Energy Technologies Program. (Investors have plunked down another $25 million.)

Proponents of concentration photovoltaics have long argued that the technology has the potential to slash the cost of solar power, but until now, it has represented an incremental cost savings at best. Indeed, many industry observers believe that thin film solar, a competing technology, is the one to watch.

Skyline Solar's approach is straightforward and therefore, potentially, a winner. Long, curved, shiny panels of aluminum concentrate the sun's energy onto custom-built strips of solar photovoltaics - the same stuff that is on conventional solar panels. There are no lenses, and the troughs only have to rotate along a single axis in order to track the sun, in contrast to competing systems that require more complicated (and less reliable) two-axis tracking to keep flat panels always facing directly into the sun.

Skyline Solar has already put up its first demonstration plant, in San Jose, California, for Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. The company claims that the technology is suitable for any city that gets at least as much sunshine as New York City, and plants based on it are economical at the 100 kilowatt to 100 megawatt range of power production. By comparison, a smallish coal-fired power plant would be about 500 megawatts, and most solar PV plants top out at a hundred or so kilowatts.

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"What we are developing is a linear concentrator at the core," said Skyline CEO Bob MacDonald at an early reveal of the technology. "It’s a quite straightforward design that takes a reflective optical sheet and forms it into a parabolic section that focuses the light onto a straight line.... So, it’s essentially a silicon module that’s enclosed by an aluminum reflector."

Only time will tell who will win the race to make solar energy competitive with fossil fuels for electricity production, and all forms of solar photovoltaics are starting the race at the back of the pack. Concentrated solar power, wind turbines and even geothermal power all produce power at a significantly lower cost
Cheap, off-the-shelf parts and a clever design make Skyline Solar's reflective aluminum troughs a contender in the race to make solar ubiquitous
By Christopher Mims
Posted 05.04.2009 at 1:52 pm

The World's 10 Worst Cities

Linfen, China: This city of more than four million is in the heart of Shanxi, China’s coal-production hub, and has frequently been deemed the most polluted city in the world; citizens suffer from choking clouds of coal dust as well as drinking water polluted with arsenic. But Linfen is not the only city in the country with environmental woes—the World Bank estimates that 16 of the world’s 20 most polluted cities are found in China’s industrial areas

صور من رحمة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بغير المسلمين

د.محمد بن عدنان السمان
المدير التنفيذي لشبكة السنة النبوية وعلومها

• الصورة الأولى :
عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : هل أتى عليك يوم أشد من يوم أحد ؟ قال ( لقد لقيت من قومك ما لقيت ، وكان أشد ما لقيت منهم يوم العقبة ، إذ عرضت نفسي على ابن عبد ياليل بن عبد كلال ، فلم يجبني إلى ما أردت ، فانطلقت وأنا مهموم على وجهي ، فلم أستفق إلا وأنا بقرن الثعالب ، فرفعت رأسي ، فإذا أنا بسحابة قد أظلتني ، فنظرت فإذا فيها جبريل ، فناداني فقال : إن الله قد سمع قول قومك لك ، وما ردوا عليك ، وقد بعث الله إليك ملك الجبال ، لتأمره بما شئت فيهم ، فناداني ملك الجبال ، فسلم علي ، ثم قال : يا محمد ، فقال : ذلك فيما شئت ، إن شئت أن أطبق عليهم الأخشبين ؟ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : بل أرجو أن يخرج الله من أصلابهم من يعبد الله وحده ، لا يشرك به شيئاً ) رواه البخاري .

• الصورة الثانية :
عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما ( أن امرأة وجدت في بعض مغازي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مقتولة . فأنكر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قتل النساء والصبيان ) رواه البخاري ومسلم .
وفي رواية لهما ( وجدت امرأة مقتولة في بعض تلك المغازي . فنهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن قتل النساء والصبيان ).

• الصورة الثالثة :
عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه : كان غلام يهودي يخدم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فمرض ، فأتاه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يعوده ، فقعد عند رأسه ، فقال له : أسلم . فنظر إلى أبيه وهو عنده ، فقال له : أطع أبا القاسم صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فأسلم ، فخرج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو يقول : الحمد لله الذي أنقذه من النار ) رواه البخاري .

• الصور الرابعة :
عن عبد الله بن عمرو رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : (من قتل نفسا معاهدا لم يرح رائحة الجنة ، وإن ريحها ليوجد من مسيرة أربعين عاما ) رواه البخاري .

الصورة الخامسة :
عن بريدة بن الحصيب رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه كان إذا أمر أمير على جيش أو سرية ، أوصاه خاصته بتقوى الله ومن معه من المسلمين خيرا . ثم قال ( اغزوا باسم الله . وفي سبيل الله . قاتلوا من كفر بالله . اغزوا ولا تغلوا ولا تغدروا ولا تمثلوا ولا تقتلوا وليدا . وإذا لقيت عدوك من المشركين فادعهم إلى ثلاث خصال ( أو خلال ) . فأيتهن ما أجابوك فاقبل منهم وكف عنهم . ثم ادعهم إلى الإسلام . فإن أجابوك فاقبل منهم وكف عنهم . ثم ادعهم إلى التحول من دارهم إلى دار المهاجرين . وأخبرهم أنهم ، إن فعلوا ذلك ، فلهم ما للمهاجرين وعليهم ما على المهاجرين . فإن أبوا أن يتحولوا منها ، فأخبرهم أنهم يكونون كأعراب المسلمين . يجري عليهم حكم الله الذي يجري على المؤمنين . ولا يكون لهم في الغنيمة والفيء شيء . إلا أن يجاهدوا مع المسلمين . فإن هم أبوا فسلهم الجزية . فإن هم أجابوك فاقبل منهم وكف عنهم . فإن هم أبوا فاستعن بالله وقاتلهم . وإذا حاصرت أهل حصن ، فأرادوك أن تجعل لهم ذمة الله وذمة نبيه . فلا تجعل لهم ذمة الله وذمة نبيه . ولكن اجعل لهم ذمتك وذمة أصحابك . فإنكم ، أن تخفروا ذممكم وذمم أصحابكم ، أهون من أن تخفروا ذمة الله وذمة رسوله . وإذا حاصرت أهل حصن ، فأرادوك أن تنزلهم على حكم الله ، فلا تنزلهم على حكم الله . ولكن أنزلهم على حكمك . فإنك لا تدري أتصيب حكم الله فيهم أم لا ) رواه مسلم .

• الصورة السادسة /
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال بعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم خيلا قبل نجد ، فجاءت برجل من بني حنيفة يقال له ثمامة بن أثال ، فربطوه بسارية من سواري المسجد ، فخرج إليه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : ( ما عندك يا ثمامة ) . فقال : عندي خير يا محمد ، إن تقتلني تقتل ذا دم ، وإن تنعم تنعم على شاكر ، وإن كنت تريد المال ، فسل منه ما شئت . فترك حتى كان الغد ، فقال : ( ما عندك يا ثمامة ) . فقال : ما قلت لك ، إن تنعم تنعم على شاكر فتركه حتى كان بعد الغد فقال : ما عندك يا ثمامة فقال : عندي ما قلت لك فقال : ( أطلقوا ثمامة ) . فانطلق إلى نخل قريب من المسجد ، فاغتسل ثم دخل المسجد ، فقال : أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله ، وأشهد أن محمدا رسول الله ، يا محمد ، والله ما كان على الأرض وجه أبغض إلي من وجهك ، فقد أصبح وجهك أحب الوجوه إلي ، والله ما كان من دين أبغض إلي من دينك ، فأصبح دينك أحب دين إلي ، والله ما كان من بلد أبغض إلي من بلدك ، فأصبح بلدك أحب البلاد إلي ، وإن خيلك أخذتني ، وأنا أريد العمرة ، فماذا ترى ؟ فبشره رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وأمره أن يعتمر ، فلما قدم مكة قال له قائل : صبوت ، قال : لا ، ولكن أسلمت مع محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، ولا والله ، لا يأتيكم من اليمامة حبة حنطة حتى يأذن فيها النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ) رواه البخاري ومسلم .

• الصورة السابعة :
عن خالد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: ( غزوت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم خيبر فأتت اليهود فشكوا أن الناس قد أسرعوا إلى حظائرهم فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ألا لا تحل أموال المعاهدين إلا بحقها ) رواه أبو داود بسند حسن .

• الصورة الثامنة /
عن سهل بن سعد الساعدي رضي الله عنه أنه سمع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول يوم خيبر : ( لأعطين الراية رجلا يفتح الله على يديه ) . فقاموا يرجون لذلك أيهم يعطى ، فغدوا وكلهم يرجو أن يعطى ، فقال : ( أين علي ) . فقيل : يشتكي عينيه ، فأمر فدعي له ، فبصق في عينيه ، فبرأ مكانه حتى كأنه لك يكن به شيء ، فقال : نقاتلهم حتى يكونوا مثلنا ؟ فقال : ( على رسلك ، حتى تنزل بساحتهم ، ثم ادعهم إلى الإسلام ، وأخبرهم بما يجب عليهم ، فوالله لأن يهدى بك رجل واحد خير لك من حمر النعم ) . رواه البخاري ومسلم .

• الصورة التاسعة :
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أنه قال : قيل : يا رسول الله ! ادع على المشركين . قال " إني لم أبعث لعانا . وإنما بعثت رحمة "رواه مسلم .

• الصورة العاشرة :
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال : كنت أدعو أمي إلى الإسلام وهي مشركة . فدعوتها يوما فأسمعتني في رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما أكره . فأتيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وأنا أبكي . قلت : يا رسول الله ! إني كنت أدعو أمي إلى الإسلام فتأبى علي . فدعوتها اليوم فأسمعتني فيك ما أكره . فادع الله أن يهدي أم أبي هريرة . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم " اللهم ! اهد أم أبي هريرة " فخرجت مستبشرا بدعوة نبي الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . فلما جئت فصرت إلى الباب . فإذا هو مجاف . فسمعت أمي خشف قدمي . فقالت : مكانك ! يا أبا هريرة ! وسمعت خضخضة الماء . قال فاغتسلت ولبست درعها وعجلت عن خمارها . ففتحت الباب . ثم قالت : يا أبا هريرة ! أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله ، وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله . قال فرجعت إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فأتيته وأنا أبكي من الفرح . قال قلت : يا رسول الله ! أبشر قد استجاب الله دعوتك وهدى أم أبي هريرة . فحمد الله وأثنى عليه وقال خيرا . قال قلت : يا رسول الله ! ادع الله أن يحببني أنا وأمي إلى عبادة المؤمنين ، ويحببهم إلينا . قال فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم " اللهم ! حبب عبيدك هذا - يعني أبا هريرة - وأمه إلى عبادك المؤمنين . وحبب إليهم المؤمنين " فما خلق مؤمن يسمع بي ، ولا يراني ، إلا أحبني ) رواه مسلم .

الصورة الحادية عشرة :
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال :قدم طفيل بن عمرو الدوسي وأصحابه ، على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقالوا : يا رسول الله ، إن دوسا عصت وأبت ، فادع الله عليها ، فقيل : هلكت دوس ، قال : ( اللهم اهد دوسا وأت بهم ) رواه البخاري .

الصورة الثانية عشرة :
عن جابر بن عبد الله رضي الله عنهما أنهم قالوا : يا رسول الله ! أحرقتنا نبال ثقيف ، فادع الله عليهم . فقال : اللهم اهد ثقيفا ) رواه الترمذي بسند صحيح .

يا أختي المسلمة

فيا أختي المسلمة :

هلا تَدَبَّرْتِ قولَ رسول الله
: " نَحِّ الأذى عن طريق المسلمين " ؟صحيح

فإذا كانت إماطةُ الأذى عن الطريق من شُعب الإيمان التي أَمر بها رسولُ الله  , فأيُّهما أَشَدُّ أذًى : شوكةٌ أو حَجَرٌ في الطريق , أم فتنة تُفْسِدُ القلوبَ , وتَعْصِفُ بالعقول , وتُشِيعُ الفاحشةَ في الذين آمنوا ؟
إنه ما من شابٍّ مسلمٍ يبُتلَىَ مِنْكِ اليومَ بفتنةٍ تَصْرِفُهُ عن ذكر الله , وَتصُدُّه عن صراطه المستقيم , كان بُوسعك أن تجعليه في مَأْمَنٍ منها , إلا أعقبكِ منها غدًا نكالٌ من الله عظيم.

بادري إلى طاعة ربك عز وجل , ودَعي عنكِ انتقادَ الناس ولَوْمَهم , فإن حساب الله غدًا أَشَدُّ وأعظم.

تَرَفَّعِي عن طلب مرضاتهم ومداهنتهم , فإن التساميَ إلى مَرْضَاةِ الله أسعدُ لكِ وأسلم , قال رسول الله : " من التمس رضا الله بِسَخَطِ الناسِ , كفاه الله مؤنة الناس , ومن التمس رضا الناسِ بِسَخَطِ الله , وَكَلَه الله إلى الناس " . [صحيح]

ويجب على العبد أن يُفْرِدَ الله بالخشية والتقوى , قال تعالى:{ فَلاَ تَخْشَوُاْ النَّاسَ وَاخْشَوْنِ} (44) سورة المائدة , وقال جلا وعلا: {وَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ}(40) سورة البقرة , وقال سبحانه: { هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَى وَأَهْلُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ} (56) سورة المدثر

وإرضاء المخلوق لا مقدور ولا مأمور , أما إرضاء الخالق فمقدور ومأمور , قال الإمام الشافعي رحمه الله: (( رِضَى الناسِ غايةٌ لا تُدْرَكُ , فعليك بالأمر الذي يُصْلِحُكَ فالزمْهُ , ودع ما سواه فلا تُعَانِهِ )) , وقد ضمن الله للمتقين أن يجعل لهم مخرجًا مما يضيق على الناس , وأن يرزقهم من حيث لا يحتسبون , قال عز وجل: {وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجًا (2)وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ(3)} سورة الطلاق .

بنك الطعام المصري

يمكن للبنك استقبال الـــكفـارات

يمكنكم التبرع نقداً أو بشيكات بإسم بنك الطعام المصري لأحد مندوبينا أو بحسابنا الموحد رقم 888777 لدى البنوك التالية:

1- بنك بي ان بي باريبا BNP Paribas

2- المصرف المتحد

3- بنك عودة

4- البنك التجاري الدولي CIB

5- البنك العربي الأفريقي

6- البنك الأهلي المصري

7- البنك الأهلي سوسيتيه جنرال NSGB

8- بنك إتش إس بي سيHSBC

9- بنك فيصل الإسلامي

10- بنك مصر

11- بنك المؤسسة العربية المصرفيةABC

12- بنك بيريوس

13- البنك الوطنى

14- البنك العربي

15- البنك المصرى لتنمية الصادرات

16- بنك باركليز

17- الهيئة المصرية للبريد المصري

كما يمكنكم التبرع بمقر بنك الطعام 6 ميدان النافورة - المقطم


أضــرار جليس الســوء

جليس السوء مضرة على صاحبه من كل وجه وشؤم عليه في الدنيا والآخرة ومن أضراره :
1ـ من أضرار جلس السوء انه قد يشكك في معتقداتك الصحيحة ويصرفك عنها 0
2ـ أن جليس السوء يدعو جليسه إلى مماثلته في الوقوع في المحرمات والمنكرات 0
3ـ أن المرء بطبيعته يتأثر بعادات جليسه وأخلاقه وأعماله قال صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( المرء على دين خليله فلينظر أحدكم من يخالل ) " رواه أبو داود " ، وقد قيل " إياك ومجالسة الشرير فإن طبعك يسرق من طبعه وأنت لا تدري " 0

4ـ أن رؤيته تذكر بالمعصية سواء كانت ظاهرة عليه أو خفية وكنت تعرف ذلك منه فتخطر المعصية في بال المرء بعد أن كان غافلا أو متشاغلا عنها 0

5ـ أنه يصلك بأناس سيئين يضرك الارتباط بهم وقد يكونون اشد انحرافا وفسادا 0

6ـ أنه يخفي عنك عيوبك ويسترها عنك ويحسن لك خطاياك ويخفف وقع المعصية في قلبك ويهون عليك التقصير في الطاعة 0

7ـ أنك تحرم بسببه من مجالسة الصالحين وأهل الخير لانهماكك معه في الشهوات والملذات ويحذرك من مجالستهم فيفوتك من الخير والصلاح بقدر بعدك عنهم 0

8ـ أن الذي يجالس أهل السوء يقارن أفعاله السيئة بأفعالهم فيستقل سيئاته بجنب سيئاتهم فيكون ذلك سببا في زيادة طغيانه وانحرافه وتقصيره في الأعمال الصالحة وعلى الأقل يصاب بالعجب بما هو عليه والعجب مرض مهلك ، جليس السوء مضرة على صاحبه من كل وجه وشؤم عليه في الدنيا والآخرة ومن أضراره 0

9ـ أن صحبته ومؤاخاته عرضة للزوال عند وجود أدنى خلاف أو تغيير مصلحة بل وتحصل البغضاء بدون ذلك قال عبدالله بن المعتز ـ رحمه الله ـ " إخوان السوء ينصرفون عند النكبة ويقبلون مع النعمة " 0
قال أبو الحسن التهامي ـ رحمه الله :
شيئان ينقشعان أول وهلة ***** ظل الشباب وخلة الأشـرار
وقال ابن حبان ـ رحمه الله ـ " العاقل لا يصاحب الأشرار لان صحبة السوء قطعة من النار تعقب الضغائن لا يستقيم وده ولا يفي بعهده 0

10ـ أن مجالس أهل السوء لا تخلو من ا لمحرمات والمعاصي كالغيبة والنميمة والكذب واللعن ونحو ذلك فربما يوافقهم جليسهم فيما هم فيه أو ينكر عليهم لكن لا يفارق مجلسهم فيقع في الإثم 0

11ـ أنها لو دامت مودتهم في الدنيا فإنها سرعان ما تنقشع في الدار الآخرة وتنقلب إلى عداوة وبغضاء قال تعالى : ( الأخلاء يومئذ بعضهم لبعض عدو إلا المتقين ) 0

12ـ أن غالب مجالس أهل الفسق لا يذكر الله فيها فتكون حسرة وندامة على أصحابها يوم القيامة 0

13ـ أن في مجالستهم تضييعا للوقت الذي سيحاسب العبد على التفريط فيه يوم القيامة 0

14ـ انك به تعرف ويساء بك الظن من اجل صحبتك له 0

وختاما قال الشيخ عبدالرحمن السعدي ـ رحمه الله ـ " وبالجملة فمصاحبة الأشرار مضرة من جميع الوجوه على من صاحبهم وشر على من خالطهم فكم هلك بسببهم أقوام وكم أقادوا أصحابهم إلى المهالك من حيث يشعرون ومن حيث لا يشعرون " ، وقال أبو الأسود الدؤلي ـ رحمه الله ـ " ما خلق الله خلقا اضر من الصاحب السوء " 0

فعلى العاقل الناصح لنفسه الذي يريد لها النجاة والسعادة في الدنيا والآخرة أن يتجنب مخالطة هؤلاء ويفر منهم غاية الفرار ولا يتهاون في ذلك 0

إعداد :
أحمد بن صالح بن فهد الخليف